Peshawar is the liveliest city of Pakistan. It is the heart of the North western (Khyber Pakhtoon Kuwah) province. The city lies at the edge of the Historic Khyber pass. The city is well known for its historic and cultural values.
Peshawar derives its name from a Sanskrit word “Pushpapura” meaning the city of flowers. Peshawar’s flowers were mentioned even in Moghal Emperor Babur’s memoirs.
Remember, we are in the land of the Pathans – a completely male-dominated society. North and south of Peshawar spreads the vast tribal area where lives the biggest tribal society in the world, and the most well known, though much misrepresented.
Pathans are faithful Muslims. Their typical martial and religious character has been moulded by their heroes, like Khushal Khan Khattak, the warrior poet and Rehman Baba, a preacher and also a poet of Pushto language.
Peshawar city has a long and ancient history. In Peshawar city you will find a lot of historic places and buildings. Peshawar is the largest city of Khyber Pakhunkhwa, the Pashto language is most spoken language in Peshawar and there are many other nations also live in Peshawar, who speak Hindko, Punjabi, Balochi and other Pakistani local languages. The following are the famous places of Peshawar are,
Soon you reach the central square called chowk Yadgaar the traditional site of political rallies. The two routes from the old city meet here. Parking of cars can safely be done only at this place in the old city
THE OLD CITY
The best reason to visit Peshawar is the Old City. It is filled with shouts of vendors and mule drivers, choked with tongas, rickshaws, motorcycles, bullock carts, and a fascinating parade of different people.
MOSQUE OF MOHABAT KHAN
The only significant remaining Moghal mosque in Peshawar was built by Mohabat khan in 1670 A.D. when he was twice Governor of Peshawar under Moghal Emperors Shah Jehan and Aurangzeb. The mosque was nearly destroyed by fire in 1898 A.D. The interior of the prayer chamber has been lavishly decorated with floral work and calligraphy.
BALA HISAAR FORT
The mighty Bala Hisaar Fort lies on both eastern approaches to Peshawar city. It meets the eye when coming from Rawalpindi or from the Khyber. It is a massive frowning structure as its name implies, and the newcomer passing under the shadow of its huge battlements and ramparts cannot fail to be impressed. Originally built by Babar, the first of the Moghals in 1526-30, it was rebuilt in its present form by the Sikh Governor of Peshawar, Hari Singh Nalva, in the 1830’s under the guidance of French engineers. It houses government offices at present.
THE PESHAWAR MUSEUM
The Peshawar Museum is a Museum situated in the historic city of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.The museum currently has 14,101 items in the museum which range from Gandhara sculptures, coins, manuscripts and copies of the Quran, inscriptions, weapons, dresses, jewellery, Kalash effigies, paintings of the Mughal era and later periods, household objects and local and Persian handicrafts.
UNIVERSITY OF PESHAWAR
The University of Peshawar (abbreviated UOP) is a public sector university in the city of Peshawar, Pakistan. The university was established in October 1950 by Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
THE QISSA KHWANI BAZAAR
The Qissa Khwani Bazaar (or ‘Market of Story-tellers’) is a bazaar of Peshawar, in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Some of the business of Qissa Khwani Bazaar are bamboo, sweets, faluda and silver utensils There are also several publishing houses of books in this bazaar.
The Khyber Pass is a mountain pass linking between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Throughout history it has been an important trade route between Central Asia and South Asia and a strategic military location. The summit of the Khyber Pass is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inside Pakistan at Landi Kotal and it cuts through the northeastern part of the Safed Koh mountains.
Peshawar is the liveliest city of Pakistan. The above mentioned astonishing establishments make Peshawar a great place to visit. When you go to Peshawar, it is important that you visit the landmarks that are unique to this city.